It is the most brilliant monument of Athenian history that until today causes awe and admiration to Greek and foreign visitors. The Parthenon is not just an attraction of Greece but a monument that gathers on it the history of thousands of years. The history of Greece through the years, the art and philosophy of the country from antiquity to the present day. However, no matter how much we have heard and read about the Parthenon, there are some truths and facts that few people know. But this information also has its own interest and gives us a different perspective.
Here are five truths about the Parthenon that many don't know...
1. The Blasting
In September 1687 the Parthenon suffered great destruction. It was the period when the campaign of the Venetian Francesco Morosini was underway. On September 16, a shell shook the gunpowder magazine of the fortress into the air. As a result, a large part of the temple collapsed on the east side.
2. No straight lines, only curves
In the Parthenon, there are no straight lines but curves that we cannot perceive. This is something that is attributed to its architectural construction. In practice, therefore, there is no straight line. On the contrary, there are small and imperceptible curves throughout the building. In fact, they are so subtle that they give the impression that, for example, its pillar is straight and completely flat. That is not the case.
3. Christian temple and mosque
The Parthenon had been converted into a Christian temple but also into a mosque, something that many had never heard of before. More specifically, it was in the 5th century when the Parthenon was converted into a Christian church. The Parthenon was dedicated first to Agia Sophia and then to the Virgin Mary. In the 17th century, the Parthenon was officially a mosque.
4. Antiseismic construction
The construction of the Parthenon is absolutely earthquake-resistant. Experts have come to interesting conclusions about the construction of the Parthenon. According to them, the monument has been constructed in such a way as to allow it to expel rainwater but at the same time to have the required anti-seismic protection even for many richters.
5. The wooden roof
The original roof of the Parthenon was wooden and this is something that few people know. The columns, pediments, and entablature of the Parthenon may have been made of the well-known and famous marble, but this was not the case with its roof. In fact, the original roof of the building was made of wood. Experts and historians who have studied it report that this was the only way for its construction to work. This is because if they had built its roof out of marble, it would automatically create a lot of pressure on the columns. This would result in a great risk that the building would collapse.