Up to 1832 it was not called Lycabettus hill,but Angchesmos. There are different versions of the story: One of them mentions wolves roaming the area and thus, it was named like that, because of them. Another traces its etymology to the words wolf and I go, because of the appearance of the sun from there – as if to say, hill of the wolf. There is also a third version, which wants the name to be pre-Grecian and to mean mastoid hill.
What the myth says about the formation of Lycabettus hill
According to mythology, the hill of Lycabettus was formed by a rock that Athena carried from Penteli on her way to the Acropolis. She wanted to make a small intervention in her temple and raise its height a little more. On the way to the Acropolis, therefore, s he heard the news about the daughters of Kecrops, who had opened the basket which she had entrusted them to guard, inside which Erichthonios was. The goddess Athena was then upset and the rock fell out of her hands. So it became what the Athenians would later call the Lycabettus hill.
Lycabettus hill was first cexorated with lights in 1835. Its light decoration was special with one hundred lanterns that formed a large “O”, the first letter of king Otto’s name. The second light decoration of the hill took place on March 25th of 1838, with branches burning forming a burning cross.
Lycabettus hill and Chiller’s vision
The beauty of Lycabettus hill charmed even Ernest Chiller.The great architect had great plans for Lycabettus hill. At the end of the 19th century, he submitted to Charilaos Trikoupis a grandiose plan for the “Air Sanatorium”. In other words, he envisioned turning the hill into a therapeutic center. Among other things a hotel, coffee-shops, reading room, artificial waterfalls, fonts, fountains and playgrounds would be included. The plan was never implemented due to its high cost.
The anchorage of Lycabettus hill
Another thing not known to many is the following: Between the church of Agioi Isidoroi and the old refectory of Lycabettus hill which is now in operation, the anchorage of Lycabettus hill was built in 1939. It was actually built at a depth of 100 meters, for the storage of state records and the protection of high-ranked persons in case of danger.